The Argument of Time series was triggered by my first visit to Ostia Antica in 2014. From the moment I stepped through the Porta Romana, the place had an inexplicable hold on me: everything in the landscape spoke to me. By the end of that visit, Ostia was pulsing through my veins. Back in New Jersey, I wrote down the title of all five books in The Argument of Time without any idea what the actual content of each book would be, except that it would be connected to Ostia in some way and that the poems would have to exist in English and Italian.